Tag Archives: mammal

Motswari Private Game Reserve, Timbavati, Kruger

Male pride lion at night, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

Male pride Lion at night, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

I think myself very lucky to have travelled extensively in Africa and have based myself in some amazing locations.

At the end of last year I was fortunate enough to stay (although only briefly for three nights) at the multi-award winning Motswari Private Game Reserve, which is located in the Timbavati Private Nature Reserve, itself part of the Greater Kruger National Park Conservancy and some six hours drive from Johannesburg. However, on this trip, to maximize my time, I opted for the internal flight from Johannesburg to Nelspruit (Kruger Mpumalanga International Airport).

Pearl-spotted owlet at first light. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

Pearl-spotted owlet at first light. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

Thanks to the management of David and Thea, I believe that Motswari gets the balance just right between having the essentials for a comfortable stay; friendly, helpful and experienced staff and great game viewing. It’s extremely relaxed and non-pretentious. It’s luxurious enough for those who seek the finer things and down-to-earth enough for those who love to get up and get out before sunrise and return after sunset.

If you’re serious about your wildlife photography and you’re lucky enough to meet up with resident guides Keith Connelly or Chad Cocking, then you’re in good hands. Not only are they knowledgeable guides and excellent company, they’re also accomplished photographers with a wealth of experience that they’re willing to share, to help you make the most of the days you have.

The staff at this family run lodge are committed to service excellence in all aspects of day-to-day running of their business. From African wildlife conservation and environmental management, to the high level of quality of their cuisine. Responsible Tourism is a key principle in their operating philosophy and all their employees are very much treated as members of the family.

So, the lodge is all I could have asked for, but what of the game viewing? Well, I know they have the best of everything, as I’ve seen the evidence in Chad and Keith’s portfolios, but I did have a couple of things going against me, which to be honest I had already accepted upfront. These were a) I was only there for a very short time b) I wasn’t on a dedicated photographers trip or self-drive, so had to ensure I was always as sympathetic to the needs of my fellow travellers as they were to mine. So, I was hoping that luck would be on my side.

Female leopard, Motswari Private Game Reserve.

Female leopard, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

The sun had gone by the time we spotted this female Leopard. Really pushing the camera’s limits. Might be time for an upgrade!!!

Female leopard, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

Female leopard, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

Young male lion hunting, Motswari Private Game Reserve.

Young male lion hunting, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

Male pride Lion, Motswari Private Game Reserve.

Male pride Lion, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

Impala Buck in evening light, Motswari Private Game Reserve.

Impala Buck in evening light, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

Female Waterbuck, Motswari Private Game Reserve.

Female Waterbuck, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

Male adult Kudu, Motswari Private Game Reserve.

Male adult Kudu, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

Water Buffalo with Red-billed Oxpecker, Motswari Private Game Reserve.

Water Buffalo with Red-billed Oxpecker, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

Water Buffalo with Red-billed Oxpecker, Motswari Private Game Reserve.

Water Buffalo with Red-billed Oxpecker, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

African Bush Elephants, Motswari Private Game Reserve.

African Bush Elephants, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

African Bush Elephant, Motswari Private Game Reserve.

African Bush Elephant, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

African Bush Elephants, Motswari Private Game Reserve.

African Bush Elephants, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

A face only a mother could love!! Hyena’s do tend to get a raw deal and are often overlooked by those seeking the Big Five and the more exotic, but I love them and could watch the family interactions all day.

Hyena adult male, Motswari Private Game Reserve.

Hyena adult male, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

Hyena male, Motswari Private Game Reserve.

Hyena male, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

Hyena with Buffalo leg, Motswari Private Game Reserve.

Hyena with Buffalo leg, Motswari Private Game Reserve. Canon 1DMKIV and Canon 500mm f4 L

I really enjoyed my time and the experience at Motswari and will definitely be back.

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Red Deer stags Richmond Park

Red Deer stag Richmond Park, London, UK

I can’t believe it’s a year since the last time I visited Richmond Park in London to photograph the annual Red Deer rut.

It’s quite an experience wandering through parks such as Richmond during the rutting season and before the sun comes up. Spookily quiet with only the distant roars of stags (Jurassic Park springs to mind!). Sticking to the main road arteries while it’s dark would always be my advice for obvious reasons and you’re also quite often reassuringly, passed by park warden vehicles.

And when you do start to see deer they’re often just dark outlines against a cold colourless backdrop . . .

Red Deer stag Richmond Park, London, UK

Red Deer stag standing in the mist before sunrise in Richmond Park, UK

I usually prefer to wait for a certain set of natural conditions before making my way up from Kent. In order to attempt to create images of Red Deer with a certain amount of atmospheric presence. I like it when the early morning temperatures start to fall below 4 degrees Celsius (lower would be even better) and for a cloudless sky at sunrise lasting for at least an hour afterwards.

I didn’t witness as much aggressiveness this year (maybe I’m too late – harems already seem to be in place), just a lot of roaring and strutting. So, no fighting shots.

Red Deer stag Richmond Park, London, UK

Red Deer stag (Cervus elaphus) during a golden and misty sunrise, Richmond Park, UK

Red Deer stag Richmond Park, London, UK

Red Deer stag (Cervus elaphus) on a golden and misty sunrise, Richmond, UK

Red Deer stag Richmond Park, London, UK

Red Deer stag (Cervus elaphus) on a golden and misty sunrise, Richmond, UK

With it being such a nice morning it wasn’t long before I was joined by likeminded photographers, at least 25 in my immediate vicinity . . .

Red Deer photographer, Richmond Park, London

Photo of a photographer at the Red Deer rut, Richmond Park, London

I’m just waiting for the ideal conditions once more, hopefully before the rut ends, to make the trip again . . .

Water Voles – Are things looking up for Ratty?

Water Vole (Arvicola terrestris) feeding, Kent, England, UK

It was August 2009 when I last photographed European water voles in their natural environment, so when the opportunity came along recently to photograph them again, I jumped at the chance.

When Kenneth Grahame put pen to paper at the turn of the last century to capture the exploits of Ratty, Mole and Toad in The Wind In The Willows, water voles were a regular sight in our country’s streams and waterways.

Driven to the brink of extinction in the 1980s and 1990s from pollution, habitat destruction and predation by the North American mink, the water vole had the unenviable title of the “UK’s fastest declining native animal”.

Water vole (Arvicola terrestris) feeding on watercress, Kent, UK

Photo of an adult water vole (Arvicola terrestris) feeding on watercress, Kent, UK

With populations having dropped by an incredible 95 percent from the 1960s and conservationists warning of total extinction, plans were put in place to protect this much-loved animal.

With the North American mink seen as the main threat, reserves, local councils and conservationists alike have been controlling mink numbers whilst at the same time creating and improving water vole habitat. There has also been the deployment of a number of successful captive breeding and reintroduction schemes (although disease has hampered efforts). The cumulative result (as well as improved protection under the revised Wildlife and Countryside Act) has seen “Ratty” return with a vengeance to many rivers across the country.

One WWT centre even reported colonies of 2,000 earlier this year when the same spots in 2007 yielded fewer then 10 animals!

Some water vole facts . . .

  • The term  – Ratty – was derived from confusion over similarities with the brown rat (it’s often informally called the Water Rat). However, the water vole is very different and can be distinguished by its blunt nose, neat fur covered ears and a furry tail (and it’s cuter of course!)
Water Vole (Arvicola terrestris) adult, Kent, UK

Photo of a water vole (Arvicola terrestris) with its distinctive fur covered ears, Kent, UK.

Water Vole (Arvicola terrestris), Kent, England, UK

Photo of a Water Vole (Arvicola terrestris) with its distinctive blunt nose, Kent, England, UK

  • On average, water voles live for less then 1 year in the wild, but have been known to live for up to two and half years in captivity.
  • Water voles reach 140–220 millimetres in length (excl tail) and have to eat at least 80% of their body weight (which is 60 – 360gms) a day just to survive.
Water Vole (Arvicola terrestris), Kent, England, UK

Photo of a Water Vole (Arvicola terrestris), adults weigh from 160–360 grams, Kent, England, UK

  • Water voles are expert swimmers and divers.
Water Vole (Arvicola terrestris), Kent, UK

Photo of a Water Vole (Arvicola terrestris). They are expert swimmers and divers, Kent, UK.

  • They live in, and excavate, complex multi-story burrows often on the banks of rivers and streams, normally located adjacent to slow moving, calm water. The burrows normally contain numerous nesting chambers just in case of flooding as well as a food store for long winters.
Water vole (Arvicola terrestris) Kent, UK

Photo of a water vole (Arvicola terrestris) at a typical stone walled river bank entrance.

Water vole (Arvicola terrestris) Kent, UK

Photo of a young water vole (Arvicola terrestris) eating watercress at its river bank burrow entrance.

  • With several litters possible, water voles can produce up to 30 young in one summer.
Water vole young (Arvicola terrestris) 4-5 weeks old, Kent, UK

Photo of three young water voles (Arvicola terrestris) 4-5 weeks old, Kent, UK

Water voles (Arvicola terrestris) 4-5 weeks old, Kent, UK

Photo of two young water voles (Arvicola terrestris) 4-5 weeks old, Kent, UK

  • Sadly, 70 percent of young water voles die before their first winter, as a result of predation from domestic cats, North American Mink, weasels, foxes, owls, herons, stoats, snakes and more.
  • Despite their cute appearance both male and female water voles are often aggressive if another invades their territory. During fights, often with high-pitched squeals, chunks of fur can be ripped off.
Water Vole (Arvicola terrestris) squabbling, Kent, England, UK

Photo of two water voles (Arvicola terrestris) squabbling, Kent, England, UK

Water Vole (Arvicola terrestris) feeding on watercress, Kent, UK

Male water vole (Arvicola terrestris) with a chunk of fur missing on its left flank. Evidence of some territorial rivalry.

  • Unfortunately, in most of Europe water voles are seen as an agricultural pest, and in some parts of Russia they are killed for their fur.
Water Vole (Arvicola terrestris) feeding amongst reeds, Kent, England, UK

Photo of a Water Vole (Arvicola terrestris) feeding amongst reeds, Kent, England, UK

The Environmental Agency’s 2010 survey showed new strongholds in Wales, Scotland, Cumbria and the Norfolk Broads and this year saw comebacks at sites in the Midlands, Gloucestershire and North Yorkshire.

So, things do seem to be looking up for “Ratty”, but we mustn’t get complacent, they still need a lot of help. The life of a water vole is an extremely fragile one and no matter how successful the various protection schemes are, I find it hard to imagine that we will ever return to the pre 1960’s population figures of 8 million. But you never know!